Digitizing Land Records Through Blockchain
Land is probably the most precious resource on earth – the human fundament for food and livelihood. In Bangladesh, the territorial state with the highest population density in the world, land becomes very scarce and highly demanded. Furthermore, Bangladesh is one of the most vulnerable nations affected by climate change, with most of the territory below 10 meters above sea level. Large rivers flood the country and sea level rise has serious implications for the whole country.
Consequently, it becomes essential to improve the institutional setup to secure land ownership for ordinary citizens. Already today, land disputes cause the majority of court cases. We introduce a digital land registry system customized to Bangladesh, that proves ownership immutably and transparently, and allows to secure land ownership rights nationwide.
How We Contribute
We contribute to the “Digital Bangladesh Vision” – a political manifesto announced by the government to turn Bangladesh into a middle-income country. As part of this philosophy, Bangladesh has introduced biometric ID cards with finger print and iris impression recognition, and partly digitized the tax administration with digital TIN. We follow up on the recent development and introduce blockchain to digitize land records.
The land administration system is highly inefficient as it is fully paper-based and land offices lack communication channels to improve coordination of land transfer. As a result, land development slows down and land disputes arise – an economic damage of billions of Dollars. We develop a system which allows each land office to keep their own database but also ensures optimal communication with other offices. We do not cut intermediaries out of the system, but rather make their work more convenient.